Traumatic brain injuries, which often result from car accidents, can vary dramatically in impact and severity. While many TBIs are incurable, treatments can often restore cognitive function and improve quality of life.

If you or a family member has a TBI, explore potential treatment options.

Rest and home care

A concussion, which is a mild form of TBI, will usually heal with rest at home. Resuming work and other activities right away can delay recovery and exacerbate symptoms. For example, the person should avoid activities that require focus and concentration, abstain from drugs and alcohol, and get plenty of sleep as recommended by his or her doctor.

Prescription medications

Depending on the symptoms you experience, your doctor may prescribe medications to provide relief and reduce complications. Common examples include:

  • Stimulants if you struggle with attention and focus
  • Muscle relaxants to reduce uncomfortable spasms that can occur after TBI
  • Antidepressants to treat mood-related symptoms such as depression
  • Anticonvulsant medications for those who experience seizures after TBI
  • Anticoagulants to lower the risk for blood clogs
  • Anxiety-reducing medications to reduce fear, dread or anxiety associated with the injury

Rehabilitation measures

Temporary or permanent rehabilitation can provide support for people who have limited function and reduced ability to perform daily activities after a TBI. This may include outpatient therapy, home-based programs, school programs and programs at nursing care facilities. Examples include:

  • Cognitive therapy to improve the ability to plan, learn, remember and pay attention
  • Vocational therapy to help the person cope with challenges at work
  • Psychological counseling to address the emotional impact of a TBI
  • Occupational therapy to assist with everyday tasks
  • Physical therapy to rebuild flexibility, coordination and strength after a TBI

Depending on the extent of a person’s traumatic brain injury, treatment and rehabilitation can become quite costly. When a TBI results from an auto accident, another driver may have legal responsibility for your medical expenses depending on the circumstances of the crash.